ContactPartners Produtcs

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Clean Agent?
Clean agent is the common description used for fire extinguishing gasses. They all are clean agents.
Examples are: Halon 1301, Intergen, CO2 - Carbon Dioxide and FS 49 C2®.

What is Halon 1301?
Chemically - BTM (bromotrifluoromethane) 1301: An excellent fire extinguishing agent (gas) currently installed in many locations throughout on the entire planet protecting sensitive electronic equipment, typically found in machine rooms, Military equipment, computer rooms, telecommunications centers, data processing environments and aviation and may other places.

Are there other Halons?
Yes and some are used in Fire Protection. Others are used as refrigerant gases in various cooling system.

What is the Montreal Protocol?
An agreement reached by signatory nations in Montreal Canada on the 16 September 1987 (amended twice since signing).
As part of the UNEP -United Nations Environmental Program, a goal has been set to initially control and further eliminate global emissions of ozone depleting chemical compounds.

The chemicals creating the problem were defined into a list. A time was defined for their removal from production together with the agreement to ban certain products that could also introduce Ozone Depleting chemicals into the atmosphere.

Which countries has signed the Montreal Protocol?
Here you may see an updated list of countries that has signed the Montreal Protocol:
UNEP's Treaty ratification status

The timescale set for the cessation of production of these chemicals was effectively the end of 1993 in the developed world and 2010 in developing countries.

What is the Kyoto Protocol?
Following further on in the footsteps of the Montreal Protocol the Kyoto Protocol was agreed on the 10 December 1997 and committed the parties to specific reductions in the release of Global Warming Gases. The most significant for the fire protection industry being Carbon Dioxide and hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs).

What is ODS?
Ozone depleting substances (ODSs) are those substances which deplete the ozone layer and are widely used in refrigerators, air conditioners, fire extinguishers, fire suppression systems, in dry cleaning, as solvents for cleaning, electronic equipment and as agricultural fumigants.

What is CFC? (Chlorofluorocarbon)
They are ozone depleting substances (OSDs) used in fire extinguishing systems, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment including chlorofluorocarbons and hydro chlorofluorocarbons, collectively referred to as CFCs. This group of chemicals has been demonstrated to be harmful to the environment and specifically the stratospheric ozone layer.

Why does Halon need replacing?
As a CFC based gas, Halon 1301 and 1211 are ozone depleting agents. Their release to atmosphere during manufacture, pooring out during application cylinders and use or misuse in service has contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer. They also have a long atmospheric life.

When does Halon need replacing?
The new EC Regulation 2037/2000 came into force on 1 October 2000 and states:-
New Halons cannot be used for refilling existing systems.
Recovered, recycled or reclaimed Halon 1301 / 1211 can only be used in existing systems until 31st December 2002. After this date no refilling can take place.
Mandatory decommissioning of fire extinguishing systems with Halons must be completed before 31st December 2003.
The developing world countries had dispensation until January 2010.

Who will be exempt?
Owners and users of Halon with "Critical Uses" may be able to claim exemption if broadly speaking the application is within the aircraft industry, military / armed forces, petrochemical industry and some marine applications.

What will happen to a ship or a vessel with Halon 1301 on board after 2010?
The ship will not be getting a class approval from class companies. In most part of the world a ship is likely to not be held in detention by the local authorities until the Halon is replaced.

The European Commission considers that supply of a non-EU flagged ship in an EU-port with Halon is considered as illegal export. Therefore, be aware that in case Halon is discharged for whatever reason, refilling of such systems on non-EU flagged ships with Halon will not be possible and that vessel will be detained until a new fixed firefighting system is installed on board. Based on this, vessels calling regularly at European ports would be well advised to replace the system as soon as practicable.

What is the Panama Vessel Registry doing about the ban of Halon use for ships registered under Panama flag?
Panama Marine Authority (Autoridad Marina Panama) has prohibited Halon in their Guidelines for the Maintenance, Inspection of Fire-Protection System and Appliances in 2011
Here you can see info in Merchant Marine Circular MMC-226 of June 2011 (PDF)

Is there a "Drop In" replacement?
The nearest alternative replacement extinguishing agent is FS 49 C2®.
An existing Halon 1301 system can be re-used with some small updates done by a certified assembler.

Should I look at other alternatives?
Yes, you should evaluate all the available alternatives including whether you need a replacement at all.

What is thermal fire extinguishing?
It is a pure thermal procedure done by the gas. It absorbs the heat from the flames and thereby takes the flame out. The procedure does not take away the oxygen in air that is necessary for breading and surviving.
FS 49 C2® is a Clean agent that does thermal suppression and makes it safe for humans to be in a room with the gas at extinguishing levels.

What will it cost to replace?
This will depend upon many factors - primarily the size of the installation but other factors will have a significant effect on the cost of replacement. Some of these you will already have the answer to - Can the installation take place in normal working hours, is the existing space occupied by the Halon equipment sufficient accommodate the new equipment, Finally - Does the supplier offer a cost effective service that produces value for money over the life of the system. Don't be taken in by cheaper quotes that have hidden cost of ownership clauses - yes even today there are companies still selling in this manner.
For a very approximate guide to the costs - please fill in our price request form.
Price request form